|From August 16, 2014|
Tuesday, August 26, 2014
Boeing Black smartphone – Ambassadors, World Leaders World phone and NSA and CIA Spy vs Spy smartphone that self-destructs in 5 seconds
Boeing spokeswoman Rebecca Yeamans speaking to CNET News on Wednesday February 26th 2014 on the Boeing Black Phone
Back in 2012, I read a story about Boeing planning to make a super secure smartphone based on the Google Android OS as stated in “Boeing to make super secure Android phone”, published April 12, 2012 4:30 PM PDT by Eric Mack, CNET News.
Fast Forward two years later to 2014! Boeing’s plans have finally come to life with the Boeing Black smartphone that was filed with the FCC (Federal Communications Commission) in Wednesday February 26th 2014 as stated in “Boeing's 'Black' smartphone will deactivate if tampered with”, published February 26, 2014 3:51 PM PST by Dara Kerr, CNET News and “Boeing offering 'black phone' for secure communications”, published Wednesday Feb 26, 2014 8:44pm EST BY ALWYN SCOTT, Reuters.
Their super secret smartphone, the Black Phone, wasn’t very super secret, as it made it onto the Geezam blog in Kelroy’s article entitled “Boeing Black Smartphone designed for handling top secret communications”.
Boeing Black smartphone – Ambassadors, Presidents, Prime Ministers and World Leaders World phone
Not much is known about this smartphone, even now some six (6) months since information leaked of this super spy smartphone. It’s 132.8mm by 68.58mm (5.2” by 2.7”) that’s known of to be Dual SIM (Subscriber Identification Module) smartphone with support GSM, WCDMA, and LTE.
In short, a Boeing Black smartphone is an ambassadors, presidents and World Leaders World phone that enables calls anywhere, anytime as stated in “Boeing offering 'black phone' for secure communications”, published Thursday, 27 Feb 2014 1:31 PM ET, CNBC!
Apparently Boeing wants it to remain under wraps, as it’s made for enterprise clients and isn’t intended for general sale to the public, to quote the letter that was included with the FCC filing at the time: “Boeing's Black phone will be sold primarily to government agencies and companies engaged in contractual activities with those agencies that are related to defense and homeland security”.
For that reason, specs are basically unavailable for this smartphone, as it’s protected by loads of Boeing Red tape and NDA (Non-Disclosure Agreements) signed between Boeing and their potential Enterprise and Corporate Clients, some of whom may even be the US Government spy agencies such as the NSA (National Security Agency) and the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency). What is known is the design team that made the Boeing Black smartphone, who are mostly private Military contractors:
1. Argon ST Inc
2. Digital Receiver Technology Inc
3. Kestrel Enterprises Inc
4. Ravenwing Inc
5. Solutions Made Simple Inc
This makes it all the more interesting a device to blog about!
Best of all, it’s sealed tight with screws that are set in such a manner that any attempt to tamper with the phone will cause it erase all data according to the letter that was included with the FCC filing at the time, quote: “The Boeing Black phone is manufactured as a sealed device both with epoxy around the casing and with screws, the heads of which are covered with tamper proof covering to identify attempted disassembly. Any attempt to break open the casing of the device would trigger functions that would delete the data and software contained within the device and make the device inoperable”.
Boeing Black phone Security - NSA and CIA Spy vs Spy smartphone that self-destructs in 5 seconds
If this smartphone is more secure than the SGP Technologies Blackphone or even the Blackberry, then the Boeing Blackphone is a potential new contender in the Enterprise and Corporate world that loves secrecy.
Especially as many other phones is hackable via a Baseband Processor Attack as demonstrated by at Black Hat by Accuvant research scientists Mr. Mathew Solnik and Mr. Marc Blanchou as explained in my blog article entitled “How to Hack ANY Blackberry or Smartphone - SGP Technologies survived in the Lion’s Den as Blackphone Hack was cover for Blackberry Baseband Hack”.
Most likely this Boeing Black smartphone may not have access to the Google Play Store, as there are Apps that can spy on your other Apps data and steal your Credit Card and other Credentials as described in my blog article entitled “Twitter’s one-click Buy Button – How One-Click E-Commerce is Twitter’s Great Smurfberry Scam Confessions of a Shopaholic”.
Folks, this smartphone has been on my Radar since February 2014. When more news comes to light, it’ll shine very bright on my blog, no matter how secret this Boeing Black smartphone may be.
JA$12 million for Vector Control by Minister of Health - 50 Suspected Cases indicates Panic, not Chikungunya, is spreading
“I am emphasising the need for personal responsibility (by citizens). In the absence of personal responsibility we have the possibilities of breeding sites”
Minister of Health Fenton Ferguson at the Jamaica Observer Monday Exchange on Monday August 25th 2014 commenting on the Chikungunya Virus spread
Since we’ve hit 17 confirmed Chikungunya Virus cases as of Wednesday, August 20th 2014 as I’d reported in my blog article entitled “17 Chikungunya Virus Cases in Jamaica - Rain Weekend Perfect Stormy Weather for Aedes Aegypti Mosquito come September Back to School”, the Ministry of Health as gone on the defensive.
He is basically contemplating an allocation of a paltry JA$12 million to what appears to be Vector Control of the Aedes aegypti mosquito as stated in the article “Health Ministry allocates J$12m to fight Chikungunya”, published Monday, August 25, 2014 12:52 PM, The Jamaica Observer. He’s also partnering with the Ministry of Local Government, which falls under Noel Arscott’s watch.
During a Q&A session at the Jamaica Observer Monday Exchange on Monday August 25th 2014, Minister of Health Fenton Ferguson made known his Vector Control Plans to the Media along with the admonishment to the public that they were responsible for keeping their environment Mosquito free.
There are now 50 suspected cases of Chikungunya Virus, according to Director of Emergency Disaster Management and Special Services, Ministry of Health, Dr Marion Bullock Ducasse, with 10 debunked by the CARPHA (Caribbean Public Health Agency) as being falls alarms. But with 40 other unconfirmed, expect the numbers to grow by the end of the week of Sunday August 24th 2014!
Luckily the Chikungunya Virus seems to love the following parishes the most:
1. Kingston and St. Andrew
2. St. Thomas
3. St. Catherine
4. St. Ann
Yes folks, more reason to love Clarendon, as we’re apparently invisible to the Aedes aegypti mosquito!
JA$12 million from Ministry of Health - Doctors shocked as Chikungunya Epidemic looms
This shockingly small sum must have Doctors in fits of horror and shock.
After all, there is no known cure for this disease and albeit it’s treatable, it’ll leave patients with lifelong arthritic-like symptoms and a rash that’s not very fashionable. Plus, the fact that it has similar symptoms to Dengue Fever is adding to the scariness of the disease as the rainy season picks up steam as December 2014 draws near.
Pediatrics Clinics are most likely be still confused at this move by their Minister of Health. The strange advice issued jointly by the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Health is basically saying that people are responsible for their children to pack water, DEET and wear long sleeve clothing as noted in my blog article entitled “Education and Health Ministries Meet before 2014-15 Academic Year - How to Stop Chikungunya Virus spread by Aedes aegypti Mosquito among Children”.
This in a country that has blocked drains and culverts with stagnant water that’s teeming with Aedes aegypti mosquito, regular Water lockoffs that affect even the operation of the hospitals and DEET priced more expensive than illegal Black Coil Destroyers. JA$12 million isn’t going to do much emergency Drain Cleaning, even if the Local Government pitches in and starts Drain Cleaning.
They’ll also have to make DEET and Citronella Oil cheaper by removing importation tariffs on these imported items and step on the ban on Black Coil Destroyers as noted in my Geezam blog article entitled “How to make Environmentally Friendly Citronella (Lemon Grass) Oil for Mosquito Repellant Lotion and Candles”.
I’m hoping to hear News of the outcome of the extraordinary meeting of CARICOM (Caribbean Community) in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad being hosted by Trinidad PM Kamla Persad-Bissessar's as reported in my blog article entitled “Trinidad PM Kamla Persad-Bissessar's CARICOM Meeting - Preventing Caribbean Chikungunya Virus and Ebola Virus Epidemic by Christmas 2014”. Out of that meeting should come greater coordinated effort to reduce the spread of both the Chikungunya Virus and Ebola Virus.
Until then, I’m also gearing up with Citronella Candles and DEET, as Monday September 1st 2014 is coming! As the worse virus that’s spreading right now is panic!
Waterproof and Water-Resistant with Liquipel 2.0 – How to make your smartphone Water-Resistant to even Toilet Water
After having done that article on the US$400 Kyocera Brigadier smartphone as stated in my blog article entitled “US$400 Kyocera Brigadier – Verizon's Waterproof, Drop-Proof Unscratchable Unbreakable Sapphire Screen for the Great Outdoors”, I realized there were yet two more reason for me to dislike smartphones.
My original reasons for disliking smartphones were their continued poor Battery Life despite the advances in technology and the fact that they make you Trackable via GPS as I’d pointed out in my blog article entitled “The Reason why I don't like Smartphones - Location Privacy and How to disable Location Services on Android and iOS”.
Now I got two more: They’ve got breakable screens and they’re not waterproof.
Granted a Sapphire, Gorilla Glass 3 or even Diamond Screens would solve that problem. Diamond screens are very possible, albeit the screen would really be made of Glass with a thin 1mm Diamond Screen. But the Waterproof problem is a big one for me and is guaranteed to keep me in the Luddite camp for quite awhile longer.
Truth be told, there are some smartphones that are waterproof as listed in the article “Six best water-resistant phones today”, published August 6, 2013 1:55 PM PDT by Jessica Dolcourt and Lynn La, CNET News and “10 WATERPROOF ANDROID PHONES FOR THOSE RAINY DAYS”, published August 6, 2014 By Andy Boxall, DigitalTrends:
1. Sony Xperia Z2
2. Samsung Galaxy S5
3. Sony Xperia Z1S
4. Kyocera Hydro Elite (Verizon Wireless)
5. Sony Xperia Z Ultra (Google Play Edition)
6. Samsung Galaxy S4 Active
If your smartphone or other gadget falls into water, do not turn it on! Instead, wrap it in towel, drying of as much water as possible. Then get a plastic container, fill it with Silica Gel packs, those packets that often see come inside of the boxes with your gadget; you may just search for “silica gel packs” on Ebay and order them next time. Then let the Smartphone sit for a week inside of the closed plastic container to allow the phone to dry out naturally before attempting to turn it on.
But is there a way to make a smartphone or any phone for that matter Waterproof? And what do you do if your phone gets wet?
Waterproof and Water-Resistant – How the IP Rating Scale determines who’s dunkable
Please note that strictly speaking, no electronics device is totally waterproof, but by design and the materials used it might be water-resistant. This means it can resist water damage up to a certain depth or pressure of water for a specified period of time and is based on its IP or Ingress Protection Rating.
The IP Rating Scale is a pair of numbers which give an indication of the degree to which an electronics gadget can resist exposure to Dust and Water. It’s a scale that consists of two numbers, the first digit indicating resistance to solid particle protection and the second digit indicating resistance to liquid.
With waterproof smartphones being the latest trend accidentally discovered based on my blog traffic, it stands to reason that there must be a way to make a smartphone waterproof via some kind of coating.
Liquipel 2.0 - Hydrophobic Nano-Particulate Coating that makes smartphones Urinal Resistant
Turns out there is a company called Liquipel that made a splash at CES (Computer Electronics Show) 2012 and MWC (Mobile World Congress) 2012 in Barcelona, Spain as reported in “Have no fear later this year if you phone drops into the drink”, published February 26, 2012 10:34 AM PST by Stephen Shankland, CNET News with their hydrophobic nano-particulate coating, a fancy way of saying that they can make any smartphone water-resistant, if not water proof, as in the case of the Apple iPhone 4.
The company returned in CES (Computer Electronics Show) 2013 with a 100x improved nano-particulate hydrophobic coating dubbed the Liquipel 2.0 as stated in “Liquipel 2.0 phone waterproofer splashes down”, published January 8, 2013 4:22 PM PST by Reuben Lee, CNET News.
They’ve also designed another product, basically shock absorber plastic phone case that came out in January 2014 at the CES 2014 as explained in the article “The shower-proof smartphone! Firm creates 'skins' that make latest handsets nigh-on indestructible”, published 14:06 GMT, 10 January 2014 By Sean Poulter, Daily Mail UK.
Costing US$59.99, the coating makes your gadgets water-resistant up to IPx7 level, which translates to 1 m (3.3”) underwater for 30 minutes on the IP Rating Scale.
The process is basically done in a Vacuum chamber where their patented pending Liquipel 2.0 is adsorbed onto the surface of the electronics and into every nook and cranny over a period of 30 minutes and then cured using UV Radiation as shown below.
After the process, your smartphone becomes water-resistant, albeit not quite waterproof, as that would imply that you could take it diving. With IPx7 level, it can at least be taken to the beach and take a coffee or juice spill and yes, fall out of your top pocket into the urinal.
Not sure how well the Shock Absorber skins work, though they’re a more tangible product that Amazon’s Air bags for the smartphone as described in my blog article entitled “Amazon patents Fall Prevention Technology for smartphones and Tablets - The Research begins with Amazon’s patent that’s Hyde Park on Hudson (2013)”.
But if it can make smartphones resist a fall into the swirling mass of Water that is the Public Urinal or Toilet, then this trend will accelerate the sales of smartphones as well as more smartphone designers making their smartphones and Tablets Water Resistant.
Check out the Liquipel website for further details!
How Singles Cook on a Budget - Vegetable Ring Fried Eggs, Bacon in a Pancake Blanket and Chocolate Chip Ice Cream Sandwich
Man, it’s great to be single and free to mingle!
Many have been impressed by my culinary mastery as displayed in the making of Baked Cheese Irish Potato Crisps here in Milk River, Clarendon as explained in my blog article entitled “How to make Baked Cheese Irish Potato Crisps – Healthy Chocolate Diversion from Working as a Ghostwriter from Swallowfield to Milk River”. Very few in Swallowfield, near to the National Stadium even know that I can cook, actually.
Well, fans and folks, here’s the truth: many of my recipes are from my College and High School days. Back in those days, I had little or no money, a fact true for when I was attending UTECH (University of Technology) from 1997 to 2000 and the UWI (University of the West Indies) from 2005 to 2009.
So UWI Students, no need to panic as noted in the article “Panic at UWI!”, published Sunday, August 24, 2014 BY ANIKA RICHARDS Sunday Observer staff reporter, The Jamaica Observer, as once you can make it through first semester, everything else, including tuition, will fall into place.
It seems that my fans desire more food ideas from me, as that segue seems to be getting more and more traffic. It appears the more exotic the recipe, the more interest my article generates. Unwittingly, most of my recipes are really College and University Recipes that are quick and easy to make.
In both cases I boarded off campus and I had to travel to classes, many of which unfairly started at 8am in the morning. For that reason, I had to make sure to awaken as early as 4am to cook breakfast, as to catch a bus at 7am to reach 8am ANYWHERE in Kingston back then was and STILL is impossible. So I had to take the Bus, which was JUTC but with JA$10 fare, as early as 5:30am or 6am in order to makes sure I reached early enough to catch these Classes.
Thus I’ve been tinkering with some other ingredients and came up with a few quickies now that I’m planning to return to Swallowfield to go to the MICO University College. In keeping with their names, they’ll be quick and easy and require no more instructions than merely looking at the images and copying what’s done.
Cooking Tips for Cash-strapped College Students – Downtown is your best Friend
So most of my cooking surrounds my flair for foods that are quick to prepare and with cheap and easy-to-get ingredients which I try to keep as local as possible by shopping Downtown as pointed out in my blog article entitled “Jamaica's Basic Item Food Bill mostly from 1st World Countries - Buy Jamaican Build Jamaica made from Imported Raw Materials in containers that says Made in Jamaica”.
My most expensive ingredient being a good bottle of wine that’ll set you back JA$2000 albeit nowadays you can also get a 1 Liter Red Stripe Beer that’s just as good for cooking as pointed out in my blog article entitled “Red Stripe Beer Festival in the Middle of May 2014 – Weirdness Level off the Chart means Palcohol has Red Stripe sweating but Long Hair Hide it”.
After all, you have to have Beer or Wine in College, as every time you survive a test, you have to celebrate! For sugar, just buy a bag of Bag Juice at your local Bag Juice Factory outlet; costs the same at JA$120 but you get enough Bag Juice in one bag to mix almost 10 Sunday Dinner worth of Bag Juice.
Finally, if your bummed out on the fact that some of your favourites such as Peanut Butter and Guava Jelly and your favourite biscuits aren’t available off Campus (‘cause that’s how I like it!), then never fear Hi-Lo and Empire Supermarket in Cross-Roads is here!
Finally, for cooking utensils, makes sure you have a small pot (for soups), a Ceramic non-stick frying Pan (to cook virtually everything else) and knives and forks for eating and cooking. No need to bring the Kitchen sink, as where you’re staying should already have one!
So here goes, folks! I’ll be giving you a taste of my College and University cuisine, UTECH and UWI Style!
Vegetable Ring Fried Eggs – Health Snacker option that covers both Meats and Vegetables
Ok, got some eggs and some Sweet Pepper that you purchased downtown? Also some spices, also purchased downtown in bulk in those little plastic bags? Worried that you aren’t getting a balanced diet filled with Protein and Vegetables?
Then you can make one of my UTECH snacker inventions, the Vegetable Ring Fried Eggs!
The first is Fried Eggs with a Twist, as you can have it fried inside of an Onion Ring or even a Sweet Pepper as shown below. This is a healthy breakfast option, as it combines vegetables and Eggs in a delicious and quick meal.
The Best thing about this recipe is how quick and easy it is to prepare. You just make sure that the eggs are entirely self contained inside of the vegetable rings as you fry them in Canola oil, Coconut Oil or any other oil of choice in your Ceramic non-stick Pot, a must-have for any College and University Student!
Sprinkle on a little Cinnamon or salt and enjoy with your Glow-in-The-Dark Iced Coffee Chocolate Milk as described in my blog article entitled “How to Make Glow-in-The-Dark Iced Coffee Chocolate Milk – How Coffee can be made healthy for Children”.
Bacon in a Pancake Blanket – Great things happen when Pancake and Bacon Collide
The next one is of course pancakes. ‘Cause who can start the day without pancakes right, especially with a side of Bacon on a Saturday or lazy Sunday? But suppose you’re in a rush and you can’t eat that Bacon that you purchased at Hi-Lo along with that side of pancakes?
Introducing the Bacon in a Pancake Blanket!
It’s basically flitters but using a J.F. Mills Pancake Mix or other pancake mix. Just add water and Eggs and make the pancakes in your Ceramic non-stick Pot. Then fry the Bacon separately in Canola or Coconut Oil, preferably in a separate Frying Pot you borrowed from your room-mate.
Soon as the Bacon is ready, toss it into the Pancake just before it cures into its hardened form, which is usually when the bubbles on the top burst. This takes a little skill, but after a few tries you’ll get it and you’ll have made Bacon in a Pancake Blanket. An even better dish is to fry the Bacon, then cut up the Bacon into bite sized pieces and mix it into the J.F. Mills Pancake Mix before it becomes Pancakes.
Trust me, you’re lazy Saturday or Sunday will not be the same again!
Chocolate Chip Ice Cream Sandwich – A Sandwich in Time save JA$200 on Ice Cream
Got an Ice cream craving on the Weekend? Can’t afford to buy an ice Cream Sandwich but you have some Chocolate Chip Cookies lying around? Why not make your own Chocolate Chip Ice Cream Sandwich!!
This recipe is a simple as it is delicious. Just buy a JA$200 tub of Ice Cream and cut it as shown in the picture above. Then peel off the plastic strip and voila!, instant Chocolate Chip Ice Cream Sandwich. The taste and flavor will of course depend on the type and flavor of your Chocolate Chips and Ice Cream.
So that’s it folks. More of my wacky food recipes that are quick to make, easy to prepare and fun to eat!
US$85 to ride in Jamaica's First All-Electric Submarine - Why Underwater Travels is untapped Ocho Rios Tourism Market guaranteed Family Fun
“You get to go down and see the World War II shipwreck, look at the bottom of a 100-foot cliff, see the aquatic life and the wonderful things that you're not used to seeing”
Managing Director of the Jamaica Submarine Company, Douglas Oxborrow, speaking about his Submarine to the Jamaica Observer
How much would you pay to ride in a Submarine? Well, the price right now is set at US$129 (JA$14,448) for international guests and US$85 (JA$9520) for Jamaicans, minus GCT according to the JSC (Jamaica Submarine Company).
Good to know that up until now, the only submarines I’ve known are either the ones I’ve seen in movies like Das Boot (1981) or The Hunt for Red October (1990) or the ones that the DEA (Drug Enforcement Agency) from the USA claims that we Jamaican have using to smuggle drugs into Florida as stated “Drug Smuggling By Submarines Increasing - US”, published Thursday September 13, 2012, The Jamaica Gleaner.
Introducing Jamaica’s first 40”, 24 seater battery powered Submarine recently acquired by the JSC (Jamaica Submarine Company) for US$4.2 million (JA$475 million) as stated in the article “New Submarine company invests US$4 million in tourist attraction in Ocho Rios”, published Sunday, August 24, 2014 BY KARENA BENNETT Business Reporter, The Jamaica Observer.
Managing Director of the JSC (Jamaica Submarine Company), Douglas Oxborrow, is the fellow responsible for upgrading our island status to that of a real military super power, as we finally have a Submarine. The Submarine is docked at the Ocho Rios Cruise Ship terminal, not too far from Dunn River Falls, which I visited on Saturday August 23rd 2014 with my parents and relatives.
Submarine specs – Jamaica’s First All-Electric Submarine that’s got room for 24
It's 40”, 24 seater battery powered Submarine is designed so as to avoid damaging the delicate Coral Reef Ecosystem, which must be protected to prevent Beach Erosion as explained in my blog article entitled “Saving US$3 billion Jamaican Tourism Industry by Ban on Parrotfish Coming – How Parrotfish and Sea Urchins are connected to Coral Reef, Climate Change, Rising Sea Levels and Beach Erosion”.
Initially I thought it was most likely a Submarine that looks something like this, only bigger to carry 24 persons! It’s also remote controlled, which implies it may have a human Pilot but remotely monitored from above, possibly via a Communications Tether that carries Video, Audio and Telemetry Data back and from the Submarine. It must also be very cramped, as 40” means there’s little more than 2” allocated for your personal space!
Most interestingly, it can stay submerged for up to 100" (30.48m) for more than three (3) days! This is the main reason why this article has caught my attention, as those are some very good batteries. The fact that its battery powered means that this vehicle may be, technically speaking, not only the first Submarine but also the first All-Electric Vehicle in Jamaica! Also it might look a lot more like this.
I hope it got food for three days, as if this contraption runs out of battery power underwater during the hour long excursion, it’ll be a lot harder to find service stations to get a quick recharge. I suspect range anxiety issues, similar to what’s holding back All-Electric Vehicle Sales based on stats from Vehicle sales analyst InsideEVS as explained in my blog article entitled “InsideEVS stats says All-Electric Vehicles Growing Strong - 500,000 by 2020 is a potential Robotic Self-Driving Army”.
Submarine and Tourism – Underwater Travels is an untapped segment of Tourism Market
Apparently Jamaica was chosen to do a Submarine company because everything else was taken in this Tourism Mecca, to quote Managing Director of the JSC Douglas Oxborrow: “The country pretty much netted everything that was on our list, the tourist patterns are good even in what they call the off seasons here”. Also Jamaica is apparently poised for growth given Jamaica's performance as a tourist destination:
1. 1.07 million tourists in the First Half of 2014
2. 740,000 from January to June 2014
These figures represent a 1.4% increase over the First Half of 2013 for tourist arrivals and 7.7% increase over the January to June 2013, a sign of stead growth that attracted JSC to come to Jamaica, as noted by Managing Director of the JSC Douglas Oxborrow: “If this one is successful, you will be seeing a lot more coming out in the future”.
Underwater Travels represents an untapped segment of the Tourism Market and deserves to be further explored by the JTB (Jamaica Tourist Board) as the Bahamas already has submarines as a part of their package for tourists!
Ride on the JSC Submarine work – Under the Sea for an Hour is guaranteed Family Fun
So how will a Ride on the JSC Submarine work?
First you have to ride via Ferry up Ocho Rios Bay to the Ocho Rios Cruise Ship Terminal where the Ship that acts as the diving platform is located. This ship, most likely a very large yatch, has a section in the middle that’s open to the Water so that the Submarine can dock.
Then the journey begins as described in the words of Managing Director of the JSC Douglas Oxborrow, quote: “The ferry vessel leaves Ocho Rios and drops you off at this huge ship located over the dive site. You board the ship and the Submarine comes up in the middle of the ship, people get on the Submarine and it disappears in the waters”.
Then the Submarine dives and travels to the dive site a mile away in Sans Souci. The excursion lasts about an hour, which in my book is pretty reasonable for US$85 (JA$9520), especially given the fact that if this thing break down, we all can survive stuck underwater for up to three days. According to Managing Director of the JSC Douglas Oxborrow, the family will love this next to Dunn's River Falls, quote: “It's good for the environment and it's very quiet. It's also a great adventure for the entire family”.
So the next time you're in Ocho Rios, make sure to take a spin over to the Ocho Rios Cruise Ship Terminal and ask about taking a ride in JSC (Jamaica Submarine Company)!
Monday, August 25, 2014
UPMC Presbyterian Hospital and EPR-CAT Trials - How EPR-CAT works as Flatliners meets Aliens to enable Suspended Animation Space Travel
“When you stop the machinery of life, that's not when death starts. If you were dead for a day I would not be able to bring you back. But we're talking about 5 to 15 minutes. If you're cooled straight down, you have a chance.”
Dr. Peter Rhee, a professor of surgery and chief of trauma, critical care, burns and emergency surgery at the University of Arizona commenting on the emergency preservation and resuscitation Trials at the UPMC Presbyterian Hospital in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Journeys to the far outer reaches of the Galaxy may soon be possible.
This thanks to an ongoing experiment into Suspended Animation that started in May 2014 as reported in “Suspended-animation trials to begin on humans”, published May 25, 2014 9:24 PM PDT by Michelle Starr, CNET News and “World’s first human trial of ‘suspended animation’ to get underway”, published MAY 27, 2014 2:50PM by Network Writer, News Corps Australia Network.
The Researchers involved in this unique and very historic study at the UPMC (University of Pittsburgh Medical Center) Presbyterian Hospital in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania are Lead Surgeon Dr Samuel Tisherman and Dr Patrick Kochanek, which began in the month of May 2014 looking for 10 suitable patients upon which to conduct their experiments.
In fact, it might explain the shortage of Saline Jamaica experienced a month later in June 2014 as most likely every hospital began experimenting with this technique “IV Fluid Crisis - 'People Are Going To Die' As Hospitals Face Shortage”, Published Tuesday June 10, 2014, by Edmond Campbell, Senoir Staff Reporter, The Jamaica Gleaner.
Hat issues was later resolved by Monday June 16th 2014 when Food for the Poor donated 16,000 units IV Fluids, specifically Normal Saline, Dextrose and Lactated Ringers as stated in “Food for the Poor to donate IV fluids to Heath Ministry”, published Sunday, June 15, 2014 10:09 AM, The Jamaica Observer and “'Fluid for the Poor'”, published Monday, June 16, 2014, The Jamaica Observer.
Two weeks later by Monday June 30th 2014, the NHF was able to procure 120,000 units of IV Fluids, among those units of course being normal Saline as noted in by the Horse’s mouth in the article “Shipment of IV Fluid To Arrive This Week”, published June 30, 2014 By Marlon Tingling, The Jamaica Information Service.
Interestingly too, the doctors involved in this Study disguised as a trial aren't too happy about bloggers making these references to their medical procedure to quote Dr Samuel Tisherman, the surgeon who will lead the trial: “We are suspending life, but we don't like to call it suspended animation because it sounds like science fiction. So we call it emergency preservation and resuscitation”.
Technically speaking it isn't the same as Sigourney Weaver going into Suspended Animation from the movie Aliens. Rather, this trial it’s the start of an Emergency Trail for a technique called EPR-CAT (Emergency Preservation and Resuscitation for Cardiac Arrest From Trauma) or EPR (Emergency Preservation and Resuscitation) for short.
EPR-CAT is based on 20 years of Research conducted by Dr. Peter Rhee, a professor of surgery and chief of trauma, critical care, burns and emergency surgery at the University of Arizona and the research is supported by the Department of Defense.
But aside from its obvious significance to improving the Survival of persons suffering from Severe Trauma and surgical operations where the patient’s survival decreases with the loss of Blood, the Sci-Fi option is obvious. This as EPR-CAT may mark the beginning of research into Suspended Animation for the purpose of travelling to Distant Stars and exoplanets in the Milky Way Galaxy, the main reason why this article caught my eye.
Emergency Preservation and Resuscitation – Years of Anecdotal Observations of Supercool Blood
Also, in most ER (Emergency Rooms) around the world, especially if they have water and ice on hand, Doctors may choose to lower body temperature using ice packs and even passing Blood through an external Heat Exchanger. This technique is very similar to Dr. Rhee's idea, except it requires proper planning and must be done within the first 7 minutes of cardiac arrest i.e. the patient’s Heart stopping.
This technique, if organized and done right, would reduce Blood flow and this allow surgeons to perform life saving surgery such as removing shrapnel or sewing up damaged Blood vessels and arteries. Please note that the use of Ice packs or a Heat Exchanger to cool down the Blood isn't an immediate option, especially if the person's Heart has stopped beating due to a gunshot or knife stab wound.
If the Heart has stopped beating due to extreme Blood loss, the Doctors have mere minutes to stop bleeding and restart the Heart. With that level of Blood loss, a Blood transfusion is necessary with matching Blood. This may be difficult to source, especially if the persons has the very rare Type O Negative (–), which albeit being the Universal Donor, can only take Blood from another persons with Type O Negative (–).
Using synthetic Blood isn't an option as yet, despite the progress of the Scottish National Blood Transfusion Service in making artificial Type O Negative (–) Blood as described in my blog article entitled “Scottish National Blood Transfusion Service develops artificial Type O Negative Blood - Stem Cell Cloning of Type O Negative Blood for Cheaper Transfusions in 2016”. Plus the act of resuscitation exposes the body to oxygen, to which body can react by releasing chemicals that may result in death from Blood infusion injuries and wounds that may have become septic.
Dr. Peter Rhee and Suspended Animation – One small Step for Pig-kind back in 2000
He's been playing God for quite awhile, mainly with Pigs back in 2000. Please note Pigs and not the Guinea kind, as their Hearts are too small.
His research was prompted mainly by reports from Medics in Vietnam who noticed that patients likelihood of survival decreased with the amount of Blood in the first 5 to 20 minutes after a severe injury i.e. grenade explosion or being hit with a large round that cause massive loss of Blood as stated in the article “Surgeons to Put Gunshot Victims Into Suspended Animation”, Published April 2, 2014 by Robin Marantz Henig, National Geographic.
Also, part of the inspiration for Dr. Peter Rhee's research came from anecdotal accounts of people surviving for hours in frigid water, usually after having fallen through thin ice into a lake.
This common thread of cold, near freezing water made Dr. Rhee realize that if a solution could be developed to cool the body down the same temperature of frigid water, around 10ºC (50ºF), without crystal damage, he could prolong a person’s life by placing them in a state of Suspended Animation. This would allow emergency surgery to commence on their lifeless body to repair tissue damage and do surgical operations.
Saline was chosen as at 10ºC (50ºF), it still a liquid and doesn’t form harmful crystals that can damage living cell tissues. Additionally, Saline is commonly used with patients to stabilize them after they've experienced trauma and has no ill effects on the patient.
What Dr. Peter Rhee basically did next was to simulate such an injury with these Pigs. Then he replaced their Blood with cooled Saline at about 10ºC (50ºF), the same temperature as very cold Tap water. This slowly cools down the Heart and brain first to avoid brain damage. Then as Saline circulates through the rest of the Pigs body, their body soon falls to this super-cooled state. At which point the Pig will have no Blood and basically be dead for anywhere from 1 hour to four hours (1-4hrs).
Dr. Peter Rhee then resuscitated the Pigs by reinfusion their body with their own Blood and slowly warming them up to room temperature, jump starting the Pigs Heart in some cases. Amazingly, the Pigs returned to full functionality with no brain impairment or loss of cognitive or physical function or displaying any limitations in movement whatsoever.
Dr. Rhee’s Emergency Preservation and Resuscitation is historic, folks, as if you read what happened here carefully, you'd realized that these Pigs in his experiment were basically dead for four hours and then brought back to life in 2 hours.
This means that the definition of being dead now has to be redefined, as technically speaking, persons declared dead can now be saved by this technique, to quote Dr. Peter Rhee: “After we did those experiments, the definition of 'dead' changed. Every day at work I declare people dead. They have no signs of life, no Heartbeat, no brain activity. I sign a piece of paper knowing in my Heart that they are not actually dead. I could, right then and there, suspend them. But I have to put them in a body bag. It's frustrating to know there's a solution”.
Please note that this has to be done within the first five to fifteen (5 to15) minutes of Cardiac Arrest for the patient to have any chance of Survival, effectively bringing them back from the Dead, so to speak! So you can see the reason for the excitement over Human Trials for EPR-CAT, which might be expanded to the University of Maryland.
Emergency Preservation and Resuscitation – Surgeons buy time to save Lives and Brain Cells
Now on to the Human Trials!
In the Human Trials led by Dr Samuel Tisherman, when a patient with one with cardiac arrest due to penetrating wounds and significant Blood loss i.e. dead on arrival due to gunshot or knife stabbings, is rolled into the UPMC Presbyterian Hospital in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the next of kin are advised of the options they have.
This may sometimes be a problem, as many times the next-of-kin or spouse with the rights to make decisions on the persons behalf may not be nearby. The options in this case are to put out the word via Traditional and Social Media for members of the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to attend Town Hall Community meetings. There the doctors can explain the new procedure and get volunteers to wear bracelets in case they get shot as stated in “Suspended Animation? Docs Try Stopping Clock to Save Lives” published May 25 2014 BY LINDA CARROLL, NBC News, albeit this has proven to be largely unsuccessful.
Ultimately, the final word rests with the USFDA (Food and Drug Administration) giving go-ahead to waive informed consent in the case of a life-threatening emergency. This is a situation similar to USFDA “compassionate use” regulation as it relates to Experimental untried and untested experimental Drugs.
Such was the case of the use of ZMapp, developed by biotech firm Mapp Biopharmaceutical Inc that was administered to American missionary worker for Samaritan’s Purse Dr. Kent Brantly and Nancy Writebol, saving their lives as explained in my blog article entitled “Jamaica's Ebola Risk - How a ZMapp cured Americans of Ebola as Jamaica can become Guinea Pig to Test an Ebola Cure”.
These first five to fifteen (5 to15) minutes of Cardiac Arrest are crucial, as the next-of-kin or spouse with the rights to make decisions on the persons behalf may not be nearby. If close, they have to make the call so that the FDA will have an easier time approving the EPR-CAT, saving some 2 million Brain Cells per minute from dying!
EPR-CAT - How the Procedure works as Aliens meet Flatliners to enable Suspended Animation
One of these options are utilized and informed consent is waived, Dr Samuel Tisherman can go ahead and begin the use of EPR-CAT on the patient as describe in “Gunshot victims to be suspended between life and death”, published 26 March 2014 by Helen Thomson, New Scientist.
After standard open-chest manual manipulation to restart the Heart fails as close chest CPR doesn’t work on some who's lost a lot of Blood. The team then goes ahead with EPR-CAT with procedure beginning by opening up the chest cavity and clamping the lower rejoin of the Heart, Then the surgical team will thread a large Catheter into the Aorta or main Heart Artery and the Blood is infused with 10ºC (50ºF) Saline.
As the Heart pumps it along, it will first chill the Heart and Brain as the Heart and Brain are chilled first so that their functions slow down and thus demand less oxygen and thus less Blood. At this point, the clamp is removed so that the Saline can begin to circulate around the rest of the body for 15 to 20 minutes until the entire patient is at the same temperature.
The rest of the Blood is removed from the body, leaving it without Blood as breathing and Heart pulse basically stop. Why this is so isn't quite clear, as pure Saline has no dissolved oxygen in it. Possibly the fact that the water contain NaCl(aq) takes it transmit het better as via circulation of the 10ºC (50ºF) Saline through the body, it's rapidly removing heat from every part of the body that receives Blood, effectively putting the body in a so-called state of Suspended Animation for up to 4 hours.
At this point, no Blood is in the patient, only Saline, something Jehovah's Witnesses can rejoice about, as if the patient bleeds, it’ll be mainly Saline. This makes transfusion a simple matter of using more Saline.
During this time, the surgeons can get control of any bleeding by repairing major injuries such as arteries, muscle and tissue at the entry point of the bullet or knife. EPR-CAT reduces the need to use Blood Transfusions and has the nice side effect of saving the hospital on the use of Blood that can be utilized for other lifesaving procedures.
Because this can be done for up to 4 hours and then revive the patient, it opens up the possibility of its application of other types of Surgery and may one day eliminate the need to even use Blood Transfusion in surgery altogether. When the surgeons have made all the repairs that they can, they then re-infuse the patient’s own Blood, which has also been chilled slightly above 10ºC (50ºF).
The patient is slowly warmed up back to their regular body temperature of 32ºC (89.6ºF), a process that can take up to two hours. At that point their Heart should automatically starts beating, otherwise they may have to artificially restart their Heart electrically using EPR (Electro-Pulmonary Resuscitation).
The patient will reawaken and like the Pigs in Dr. Peter Rhee’s experiment return to full functionality with no brain impairment or loss of cognitive or physical function or displaying any limitations in movement whatsoever.
So will this research lead to its usage in Space Travel to distant exoplanets that support life as envisaged in my blog article entitled “Dr. Robert Wittenmyer Team discovers Gliese 832 c – Supersize my Exoplanet Please with a Serving of Super-Venus”? That’s what’s got me excited, as like Sigourney Weaver, I dream of going asleep and awakening in a few years in a New Star System, preferably one free of Aliens with Acid for Blood.