My Thoughts on Technology and Jamaica: March 2015

Monday, March 30, 2015

@Motorola Xoom updated to Android Kitkat by @xdadevelopers – Happy Birthday to the Xoom and Tablet face demise in 2015

Google and Motorola may have forgotten about the Motorola Xoom Tablet, which was launched in Thursday February 10th 2011 as detailed on my blog article entitled “Motorola Xoom and Honeycomb - Tablet Evolution in Stormy Weather”, but the XDA Developers haven't.

With its 3rd anniversary having long past in February 2015 or coming up, depending on which dates you’re working with, XDA Developers have been busy releasing updates for this rather dated piece of Tablet hardware as noted in the article “Motorola XOOM gets unofficial Android 4.4 update (near its 3rd birthday)”, published 01/02/2014 at 4:45 PM by Brad Linder, Lilliputian.

The Motorola Xoom, which currently can be purchased on Amazon for US$379, first made its debut back at CES (Computer Electronics show) 2011 as detailed in Kelroy's Geezam blog article entitled “Motorola Xoom tablet poised to shine”.

Motorola Xoom Tablet – Apple contender that failed due to pricing and a lack of Google Android Apps

Back then we had high hopes for the Tablet as it prepared to go head-to-head with the Apple iPad, which had just launched in earlier in 2010.

It had a 10" 1280 x 800 pixel display and was powered by a Dual-Core NVIDIA Tegra 2 Processor, which preceded the Nvidia Tegra 3 codenamed Kal-el as described in my Geezam blog article entitled “Nvidia and the Quad-Core Kal-El CPU – Android leaves A5 Dual-Core Processor in the Dust”.

It boasted 1GB of RAM, and 32GB of storage, which back then in 2011 was considered the cutting edge at least for Tablets.

So much so that I did my own blog article touting the technological advantages of hen then pristine Motorola Xoom, which included the ability to tell the weather due to a built in Barometer as noted in my blog article entitled “Motorola Xoom and Honeycomb - Tablet Evolution in Stormy Weather”.

Motorola Xoom gets second life thanks to XDA Developers – Happy Birthday to the Motorola Xoom

But alas, many a blunder, including the high price tag of US$799 for what was then a new product and no Wi-Fi (IEEE 802.11n) model alternative as noted in my Geezam blog article entitled “Motorola Xoom – 101 on How to Beat the Apple iPad” meant that this produce was dead before 2011 was over.

It got subsequent updates to keep it up to par with the rollouts of3G and 4G LTE Internet, but the hardware has basically remained the same.

So it's nice to see the XDA Developers still pushing the limits of this tablet, which has now been updated to run the latest version of Google Android, that being Google Android 4.4.2 KitKat as noted in the article “Motorola Xoom Still Alive and Kicking, Receives Functional KitKat”, published Jan 2, 2014 at 03:00 am by Will Verduzco, XDA Developers.

If you still held on to yours, thanks to the XDA Developers, you can now update it to Google Android 4.4.2 KitKat to allow you dated Tablet to support immersive apps, wireless printing and cloud storage.

Happy Birthday Motorola Xoom....I still believe in your ultimate potential, as there room for more Tablets in the world as predicted by the analysts Gartner and IDC in my blog article entitled “IDC Stats suggest Tablet Freefall in 2015 – How to sell Tablets using built-in Keyboards and Carrier Unlocked SIM Cards”.

Here’s the link:

@GM and Enel Green Power 34 MW Wind Turbine Plant – How Large Companies are benefitting from Alternative Energy

GM (General Motors) is now following in the footsteps of Apple it relates to an investment in Alternative Energy as noted earlier on my blog article entitled “Apple's US$848 million 1,300-acre Solar Farm - How First Solar is decoupling Green Apple from the Grid using Renewable Energy”.

They've decided to some of their money into adding some 34 MW of Power to a Wind Farm in Mexico as reported in the article “Why GM Wants To Buy Wind Energy”, published 3/24/2015 by Heather Clancy, Forbes.

Their press Release on their GM Blog entitled “Wind Power to Debut on GM’s Renewable Energy Roster” give a lot more details on their plans for Renewable Energy usage by the year 2020. GM entered into a Power purchase agreement with Enel Green Power, with is the Renewable energy part of the Enel Group, are the contractors responsible for the construction and maintenance of the Palo Alto, Mexico.

The site has great wind and most likely cheap Mexican labour along with Tax breaks, according to GM Global Manager of Renewable Energy Rob Threlkeld, quote: “Mexico is an ideal location for our first wind project. Energy is fed to a national grid, making it easier to reduce or add energy capacity at a facility. There’s also a good business case as prices for traditional power are about a third greater than the United States”.

GM and Enel Green Power 34 MW Wind Turbine Plant – How Large Companies are benefitting from Alternative Energy

Currently GM Renewable Energy usage looks as thus:

1.      9% of their Power comes from Renewable Energy
2.      104 MW of power from solar, landfill gas and waste to energy

After the 34MW of Wind Power is added, it will look as thus:

1.      12% of their Power comes from Renewable Energy
2.      138 MW of power from solar, landfill gas, Waste to Energy and Wind Energy

This will help them to achieve their 2020 goals with the Wind Energy being put to good productive use:

1.      75% to power most of GM’s Toluca Complex sitting on 104 acres
2.      25% to power Silao, San Luis Potosi and Ramos Arizpe complexes

Good to note here that 34 MW is roughly about seventeen (17) Turbines, based on the configurations being used by GM.

Once completed in the next four (4) years, this will be GM's largest usage of Renewable Energy and will help GM reduce their carbon footprint by some 40,000 tons of carbon dioxide emissions annually.

That’s basically a lot of Electricity bills and usage of oil save right there, more than economic justification for GM to go Renewable in a big way!

Hope this means that their soon-to-be launched 2016 Chevy Bolt All-Electric Vehicle will be cheaper as well as noted in my blog article entitled “US$30,000 2016 Chevrolet Bolt - How GM plans to innovate All-Electric Vehicles to avoid Tesla and Nissan beating them”.

A rooftop Garden, though, like Method, a Organic Cleaning Product company as detailed in my MICO Wars blog article entitled “Gotham Greens now the Largest Rooftop Greenhouse – Alternative Hydroponics Farming Path” would be a nice organic touch!

Here’s the link:

@Intel and Micron 3D V-NAND SSD – How 2.5 inch 10TD Processor SSD extend Moore's Law against @Samsung in Storage Wars

“3D is going to be one of the ways to go to keep Moore's Law going”

Associate professor of microelectronic Engineering at the Rochester Institute of Technology,
Michael Jackson, commenting on the Intel and Micron Partnership to develope High Density SSD (Solid State Drives)

Ever dreamed to superfast super-large SSD (Solid State Drive) Hard drive?

Well, on Thursday March 26th 2015 Intel, Micro and Toshiba have decided to turn it up thirty two (32) to forty eight (48) notches and make 10TB hard-drive the size of a regular thumb drive a mainstream reality for laptops, Tablets and the next generation of Storage Devices as stated in the article “Storage that's both fast and roomy? It's on the way”, published March 26, 2015 9:31 AM PDT by Stephen Shankland, CNET News.

On one end of this promise of superfast super-compact Terabyte SSD is Intel and Micron, who have teamed up to create this SSD wonder. Their technology is based on Intel's 22nm Ivy Bridge Processors with 3D architecture introduced back in 2011 as explained in my blog article entitled “Intel & Poison Ivy Bridge Processors - 22nm in an Iso-Linear of Their Own”.

These Ivy Bridge Processors have a 3D architecture on the chip substrate with so called Tri-Gate Transistors that enable layers upon layers of transistors to be built. The other end of the 3D V-NAND revolution is being powered by Toshiba, who on Thursday March 26th 2015 will also be delivering their first samples to PC and Laptop makers.

So how does Intel's 22nm Ivy Bridge Processors with 3D architecture, commercially called V-NAND (Vertical Not AND), help to boost Moore’s Law?

Intel and Micron make V-NAND SSD – 10TD Harddrives on a 2.5 inch Processor to compete against Samsung

The logic is obvious as it is simple. Most processors and memory are built planar i.e. flat arrangement of transistors on the silicon substrate as explained in the article “Intel and Micron announce 3D NAND production, open gates to 10TB SSDs”, published March 26, 2015 By Matt Smith, DigitalTrends.

With this new 22nm process that has 3D Transistor design added in, it’s possible to stack Transistor on top of each other, making the same area of substrate onto the silicon hold more transistors and thus allowing Intel-Micron to double the amount of bits that can be stored.

Let’s assume that you can fit one tri-gate V-NAND (Vertical Not AND) Transistor into a single cell on a single layer and each cell represents one (1) NAND Transistor on that capable of storing one (1) bit of data.

Using the Intel-Micron approach, it becomes possible to stack two (2) bits in each cell vertically if you have two (2) layers. This results in Processors and SSD's that can store a total of 256 GB and if upped to three (3) bits per vertical cell, up to 384GB.

In practical terms, that’ll 10 terabytes (10TB) for a SSD with more than thirty two (32) layers and 2.5-inch of surface area. Now that’ll awesome! Best of all, Moore’s Law can continue on ad infinitum by merely adding more layers.

Intel-Micron partnership can create as many as thirty two (32) layers of 3D V-NAND Flash, matching Samsung’s efforts thus far. Toshiba, who are also competing with Intel-Micron and Samsung for the same V-NAND based SSD market, are pushing the envelope with 3D based NAND Flash that has up to some forty eight (48) layers of 3D V-NAND Flash. 

Also Samsung's technology uses the charge-trap approach whereas the Intel-Micron partnership uses the Floating Gate approach, an older technology that should result in lower prices and thus a competitive advantage again Samsung.

Intel-Micron vs Samsung – Toshiba joins in to go after High-Capacity 3D V-NAND Market

They definitely need that pricing advantage; Samsung has had their V-NAND 3D Technology for SSD out since May 2014  as stated in the Samsung Press Release article “Samsung Starts Mass Producing Industry’s First 32-Layer 3D V-NAND Flash Memory, its 2nd Generation V-NAND Offering”, published May. 29. 2014, Samsung.

This technology made it’s official appearance on the tech scene in December 2014 in the form of the Samsung's SSD 850 Evo family as stated in the article “Samsung SSD 850 Evo brings 3D V-NAND tech to consumer drives”, published  December 9, 2014 By Sean Portnoy, ZDNet  and  “SSDs could get cheaper with Samsung's cutting-edge TLC V-NAND tech”, published Oct 9, 2014 7:09 AM by Brad Chacos, PCWorld.

Computer manufacturers can expect to start using this improved 3D V-NAND flash Processors and Memory by the end of 2015 in everything from improved Laptop, smartphone and Tablet hard-drives to MP4 players for HD Audio.

Combined with Intel’s new Core M 14nm Processors aka Broadwell as described in my blog article entitled “Intel Core M Processor codenamed Broadwell – How Fanless, Smaller and Thinner proves that If Life Gives you Lemons, Make Lemonade”, Intel is almost guaranteed to get back into the Mobile Computing Game!

At which point you'll start seeing SSD with memories possibly as high as 10TB stored in space as small as a typical Thumb Drive. A 10TB Thumb Drive may be in your future real soon….

Sunday, March 29, 2015

University of Regensburg in Germany says Salt heals cuts - How to Add Salt to alcohol bandages to increase healing

“Up to now, salt has been regarded as a detrimental dietary factor. Our current study challenges this one-sided view and suggests that increasing salt accumulation at the site of infections might be an ancient strategy to ward off infections, long before antibiotics were invented”

Dr. Jonathan Jantsch, a microbiologist at Universitätsklinikum Regensburg and Universität Regensburg commenting on his research that suggests that Salt helps the body fight infection

I am now thoroughly confused on what Scientists think about salt.

Turns out that salt may actually good for fighting infections, at least according to a study by Dr. Jonathan Jantsch and his research team from the University of Regensburg in Germany as stated in the article “The Weird Benefit of Eating Salty Food”, published March 3, 2015 by Alice Park, Time.

This latest bit of research, published in the journal Cell Metabolism, runs counter to a study done by Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology at Harvard, Dr. Frank Hu.

In that study, published in the Journal of Nutrition, he posited that women who ate instant Noodles twice a week were at a 68% risk of basically getting fat and having high cholesterol and Hypertension as detailed in my blog article entitled “Cooking gone wrong at MICO – Harvard Study links Instant Ramen Noodles to Metabolic Syndrome despite being So Delicious”.

That Harvard University Study was really focused on the use of preservatives and MSG (Monosodium Glucomate) that can in the little sachet in these dehydrated packets of Noodles. I personally know of salt being used as a preservative for some foods, including salted fish and salted pork.

Sodium chloride is a listed ingredient for Ramen soups also so they're not off the hook totally and neither am I, as I eat them regularly while studying and doing homework for my Diploma in Professional Studies in Teaching at the MICO University College in the evenings.

So does this latest study means you can stock on all the noodles you can eat? Not really.

Salt and Healing – Bacteriophages get a boost from High Salt concentration in their diet

First thing to get out of the way is that this does not mean salt is safe, neither does it invalidate years o previous research stating the link between dietary salt or Sodium Chloride (NaCl) and hypertension as noted in the article “Salty foods could protect against microbes”  Published Wednesday, March 4, 2015, 6:33 PM, The NY Daily News.

Dr. Jonathan Jantsch was at pains to make this quite clear, quote: “Due to the overwhelming clinical studies demonstrating that high dietary salt is detrimental to hypertension and cardiovascular diseases, we feel that at present our data does not justify recommendations on high dietary salt in the general population”.

Rather, it points to a previously unknown role played by salt in the body defending itself against infections, being as it appears to accumulate under the skin near the site of infections and cuts made by other mice and parasites, quote: “A further understanding of the regulatory cascades might not only help to design drugs that specifically enhance local salt deposition and help to combat infectious diseases, but also may lead to novel strategies to mobilize sodium stores in the aging population and prevent cardiovascular disease”.

Dr. Jonathan Jantsch team decided to do their paper on Salt after senior author, Dr. Jens Titze, a clinical pharmacologist at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville as reported in the article “Does high-salt diet combat infections?”, published 3 March 2015 1:00 pm By Kate Wheeling, Science Magazine happened to notice that mice bitten by members of the group, had a large  accumulates of Salt around the side of their cuts.

Most likely too, Dr. Jonathan Jantsch team and his team may have possibly looked into the mice getting a bigger wheel and a Flat screen TV with an Xbox so as to reduce their tendency to fight.

After realizing that a flat screen TV or getting a bigger wheel to fir into their tiny cages was not in the budget, they decided to make the mice pay for fighting amongst themselves.

Instead of investigating the reason why they were fighting amongst themselves, Dr. Jonathan Jantsch decided to focus his team to unravel this mystery to determine how Sodium Chloride (NaCl) may be aiding the infection-fighting functions of the immune system. 

The researchers from the University of Regensburg in Germany theorized that the extra Sodium Chloride (NaCl) boosting the ability of  macrophages, a type of bacteriophage as described in my blog article entitled “Bacteriophage Therapy from former USSR State Georgia is a potential treatment against Super-bug Bacteria - Hansel and Gretel Witch Hunters Panacea to eradicate Bacterial infections” to produce reactive oxygen species, the molecules that bacteriophage release to kill bacteria via oxidizing their cellular walls to death.

So the team extracted macrophages from the mice and culture them to a high enough concentration in a manner similar to how Dr Bas Dutilh, a bio-informatician at Radboud University Medical Centre in the Netherlands, cultured bacteriophage from the stomachs of hundred of  patients as described in my blog article entitled “Dr Bas Dutilh’s crAss discovers crAssphage Virus - How Bacteriophages can prevent Colorectal Cancer and attack other Bacteria”.

Then they increased the sodium chloride in the nutrient bath in which the macrophages were growing to levels equivalent to those seen in the cuts of the mice that were fighting infections.
They discovered that the macrophages produced higher concentrations of reactive oxygen species, indicating that what may be happening in the mice's body was the immune system carrying Salt to help the macrophages fight of the infection.

This is somewhat like soldiers in the field of battle carrying extra cannonballs for the artillerymen to shoot at the enemy behind a blockade also made of cannonballs, which are the alt molecules. Or villages in a village carrying extra sandbags to the edge of a river in spate to prevent it from overflowing its banks and flooding the town!

Then, in the name of science, they decided to test out this macrophage theory.

They deliberately infected the nutrient bath that the bacteriophages were in with Escherichia coli and Leishmania major. To their astonishment, the macrophage cultures that had been fed with higher levels of sodium chloride showed a stronger response in fighting the infection, with infection being more quickly removed after twenty four (24) hours, whether it is Escherichia coli and Leishmania major.

Now, it was time for testing on the live mice to see how their actual Immune Systems would stand up to an infection, with and without hello from a high salt diet.

The researchers from the University of Regensburg in Germany fed the two (2) different groups of mice on a two (2) week diet. One group had a high-salt diet and the other had a low-salt diet.

Then they infected the skin on the mice footpads with Leishmania major.

At first, there were no significant difference between the two (2) groups of mice and how their bodies fought the infections for the first twenty (20) days. But after twenty (20) days, the mice with the high-salt diet showed improved healing with fewer foot lesions and a lower level of parasitic infections around those foot lesions than those mice that had a low-salt diet.

Salt is good for your Cuts - Add Salt to your alcohol tinctures before soak bandages and applying to cuts

The results were clear; salt is good for healing your bunions to quote Dr. Jonathan Jantsch: “[The experiments] demonstrate that extremes of salt intake result in additional salt accumulation in infected skin and boost immune defense experimentally”.

Dr. Jonathan Jantsch team speculates that certain cells in the Immune System may be stockpiling salt around the site where bacterial populations are high in much the same way people on the side of a river in spate about to overflow it banks will pile up sandbags to keep the levees from bursting and the rivers from flooding their town.

This isn’t the first known case of the body 's Immune System using chemical compounds to fight infections; Vitamin C aka Ascorbic Acid is used by the body both directly and indirectly to fight almost every virus and is helpful in larger doses as noted in my blog article entitled “Vitamin C and the Chikungunya Virus - How to increase your Vitamin C Intake and Glutathione and Interferon by White Blood Cells”.

No humans were experimented on to prove that this worked on humans as well. But the research group, using MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) to measure Sodium in their skin, also noticed the same accumulation of salt around the wounds of people with cuts of bacterial infections that caused skin lesions.

So the practical takeaway from this research?

When making dressings for your wounds, using alcohol, dissolve some salt into the mixture; the alcohol will kill infection with the salt helping to prevent the bacterial infection going deeper into your body. No salt consumption needed and hypertension risk avoided!

Here’s the link:

Vitamin C and the Chikungunya Virus - How to increase your Vitamin C Intake, Glutathione and Interferon by White Blood Cells

In my blog article entitled “Jamaican Chikungunya Outbreak possible – Why H1N1 Outbreak in Jamaica possible as 1,731 die in India from H1N1 Outbreak”, I'd mentioned the fact that many Jamaican are still yet to be infected by the Chikungunya Virus.

We're also still susceptible to other infections, like Swine flu or H1N1, a strain of the Influenza Virus thanks to the fact that man Jamaican STILL do not eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables that contain Vitamin C (C6H8O6) as noted in the article “Vitamin C Kills Viruses”, published Tuesday October 21, 2014 by Dr Tony Vendryes, The Jamaica Gleaner.

Vitamin C (C6H8O6) is not only effective against the Chikungunya Virus; in high enough concentrations, it has been shown to have activity against the following Viral and Bacterial diseases:

1.      Bird flu (H2N2)
2.      Chikungunya Virus
3.      Ebola Virus
4.      Herpes
5.      HIV
6.      Influenza (H1N1)
7.      Marburg
8.      Polio
9.      Small pox
10.  West Nile

So says the book Vitamin C (C6H8O6), “Infectious Diseases and Toxins: Curing the Incurable” by Dr Thomas Levy. So what exactly is Vitamin C (C6H8O6)? Does a lack of Vitamin C (C6H8O6) cause any problems in the body?

Vitamin C and the Chikungunya Virus - Activity against Virus at the nanoscopic level

Vitamin C (C6H8O6) is also called ascorbic acid and is a natural compound produced by most animals, including dogs, when infected due to cuts or disease.

Thus, Vitamin C (C6H8O6) deficiency is humans, bats and guinea pigs is very common  as we do not naturally produce Vitamin C (C6H8O6) with the condition is called Scurvy.

Vitamin C (C6H8O6) was actually discovered by Dr Albert Szent-Gyorgyi  in 1929 in Hungary from the adrenals glands of animals as well as vegetables such as paprika (Capsicum annuum).

This substance proved to be a Reducing agent, which is we now know as ascorbic acid. Interesting coincidence as most acids ARE reducing agents i.e. they lose electrons during a chemical reaction, thereby becoming oxidized and more stable in terms of their electron configuration and energy levels.

Not sure what he'd bumped into, he just called it “ignose”. Subsequent research resulted in him being awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1937.

So how does Vitamin C (C6H8O6) help in the fight against Chikungunya Virus and other viral diseases?

Vitamin C and Chikungunya – Glutathione and Interferon by White Blood Cells

Vitamin C (C6H8O6) works directly and indirectly against viral infections.

Directly, the molecules of Vitamin C (C6H8O6) react with the outer protein shell that constitute most viruses, reducing them via reaction and thus cause them to break apart, once the dosage of Vitamin C (C6H8O6) is sufficiently high.

Because of the viral nature of many illnesses from the common cold to Influenza, Vitamin C (C6H8O6) can reduce the symptoms associated with Viruses due to this direct attack of the Viruses at the Nanoscopic level:

1.      Fever
2.      Pain
3.      Rash
4.      Swelling
5.      Weakness

This is the same kind of activity against viruses that Melletin has against the HIV (High Immuno-Deficiency Virus) based on the research of Dr. Joshua L. Hood, MD, PhD, Researcher at the Washington University School of Medicine as stated in my blog article entitled “Washington University School of Medicine Researchers use Liposomes and Melittin to kill HIV - Olympus has Fallen and given us a Panacea for every disease on planet Earth”.

This is also true about extracts from the Lignum Vitae, the National Flower of Jamaica as discovered by Dr. Henry Lowe and his BTRDI (Bio-Tech R&D Institute) Team as noted in my blog article entitled How Dr. Lowe Lignum Vitae Extract is the Equivalent of Melittin in Bee Venom for AIDS Treatment”.

Ditto too for Guinea Hen Weed (Petiveria Alliacea) and its activity against the HIV Virus, also discovered by Dr. Henry Lowe and his BTRDI (Bio-Tech R&D Institute) Team as noted in my blog article entitled “Dr. Henry Lowe and BTRDI Team discover Guinea Hen Weed active against HIV - Chikungunya Virus Treatment potential as Dr Lawrence Williams Cancer Cure also kills HIV”.

Vitamin C (C6H8O6) may also have potentially have activity against the HIV Virus, based on the work of Dr. Linus Pauling in his book Vitamin C and the Common Cold.

This as the White Blood Cells in the body's Immune System, and specifically the T-Cells, use up Vitamin C (C6H8O6) in large amounts during a viral infection to produce an antioxidant called Glutathione (C10H17N3O6S).

This anti-oxidant (literally meaning reducing agent!) is used directly in the fight against viruses.

What Glutathione (C10H17N3O6S) does is reduce the formation of disulfide within cytoplasmic proteins by acting as a reducing agent and donating electrons to those elements attacking the cellular walls of the body's tissues, oxidizing them to a more stable form. In the process, Glutathione (C10H17N3O6S) is oxidized to glutathione disulfide (GSSG).

This however, is a temporary state; Glutathione (C10H17N3O6S) can be reduced back by glutathione reductase, using NADPH as an electron donor. In this sense, the Glutathione (C10H17N3O6S) can be seen as a reducing catalyst and because not all Glutathione (C10H17N3O6S) is reduced during an infection or a toxic shock episode, the ratio of reduced Glutathione (C10H17N3O6S) to oxidized Glutathione (C10H17N3O6S) is a measure of cellular toxicity.

Finally, Vitamin C (C6H8O6) helps the body to produce other anti-viral compounds that attack viruses such as interferon, with interferes with the reproductive processes of viruses within cells.

How to increase your Vitamin C Intake - Drink More Bag Juice and Drinks Mix

Vitamin C (C6H8O6) aka Ascorbic Acid eaten from fruits does not provide enough Vitamin C (C6H8O6) to fight infections or just to avoid a Vitamin C (C6H8O6) deficiency called Scurvy.

The fact that Dr. James Lind, the British naval surgeon, was able to save many British Navy officers from death via the introduction of fruits does not mean you can get your full Vitamin C (C6H8O6) requirements from fruits alone.

The reason why the British Navy delayed from almost forty (40) years to include Fruits was because many in their Naval Command thought that giving fruits to sailors would not make them hardened enough for battle.

Many in the British Navy were conscripted officers and POW (Prisoners of War) or boys coming from poor homes. With Fruits being seen as a luxury item, it seemed to the British Navy Top Brass a breach of class values and attitudes of Britain at the time, not to mention a waste of Cargo space that could otherwise store ammunition and weapons.

But as with then and now, thinking has to change on the use of Vitamin C (C6H8O6).

Delaying action for some forty (40) years resulted in the death of some 100,000 British Naval officers, many of whom could have been saved had the British Navy acted more quickly on the advice of Dr. James Lind.

So a diet in raw Fruits and vegetables rich in Vitamin C (C6H8O6), is merely a start.

You also have to drink juices rich in Vitamin C (C6H8O6) and that can include Fruit Juices and even Bag juice and Vitamin C (C6H8O6) rich Drinks mixes, which is where most of my Vitamin C (C6H8O6) comes from as noted in my blog article entitled “Cooking Restart at MICO - How to Cook a Meal in under 30 minutes and make Drinks with Bag Juice”.

Taking Vitamin C (C6H8O6) supplements is also recommended when fighting the Chikungunya Virus, if you have deep pockets and can shell out the money needed to buy a large bottle of Vitamin C (C6H8O6) for your family. This as one of the treatments that many Jamaican will get at the hospital involves the use of intravenous Vitamin C (C6H8O6).

So if you had been preciously infected by the Chikungunya Virus or you’re currently suffering from its effects of you're experiencing a bout of influenza, stocking up on Vitamin C (C6H8O6) is not a bad idea.

Here’s the link:
Dr. Linus Pauling’s Vitamin C and the Common Cold