My Thoughts on Technology and Jamaica: May 2018

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Thursday, May 24, 2018

My Thoughts and The Jamaican Rabbit I Love Physics Free Ebook Promotion


Want to get a free Physics Textbook to help you with CSEC Physics in High School? There are tons of free books at various websites as listed in my MICO Wars Blog entitled “How Students and Teachers can find free Reference and Fiction books”.

But it just so happens that I have written a decent set of CSEC Physics and Chemistry Text as shown below. So I’ve decided to make them available for free in my first inaugural My Thoughts and The Jamaican Rabbit I Love Physics Free Ebook Promotion!  

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Currently these ebooks are being sold on my Sellfy store, The Jamaican Rabbit. But as part of my promotion for the rest of 2018, I can give you a free copy of ONE of these Physics books listed above.

All you have to do is Follow my blog via My Thoughts on Technology and Jamaica Google Plus Link using the link image below. You can also follow me on Twitter at The Jamaican Rabbit Lives. Once you follow, post the comment “I Love Physics” and your email. 

My Thoughts and The Jamaican Rabbit I Love Physics Free Ebook Promotion

I'll then send you the Physics book of your choice via email. I plan to publish more ebooks, so stay tuned to my The Jamaican Rabbit Sellfy store, as I get hopping to making more ebooks!!

Sharing is caring, so share this with all of your friends who love Physics!!!


Here’s the Link:



Saturday, May 19, 2018

IEA 5.6 billion Air Conditioners Globally by 2050 heralds the rise of Solar Powered Air Conditioners


“Growing electricity demand for air conditioning is one of the most critical blind spots in today’s energy debate. With rising incomes, air conditioner ownership will skyrocket, especially in the emerging world. While this will bring extra comfort and improve daily lives, it is essential that efficiency performance for ACs be prioritized. Standards for the bulk of these new ACs are much lower than where they should be.”

Director of the IEA., Dr Fatih Birol, the Executive, commenting on their report The Future of cooling - Opportunities for energy-efficient air conditioning

The Earth is getting hotter due to Global Warming. So the demand for cooling is going to skyrocket.

So says the IEA (International Energy Agency) who are predicting that by 2050, global energy demand for air conditioners is expected to triple as reported in the article “Air conditioning use emerges as one of the key drivers of global electricity-demand growth”, published 15 May 2018, IEA.
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Their report, titled “The Future of cooling - Opportunities for energy-efficient air conditioning” projects that by 2050, there will be 5.6 billion air conditioners in buildings. This is more than the current 1.6 billion today, of which 50% are in China and the United States.

In practical terms, that 5.6 billion air conditioners translates to 10 new ACs sold every second for the next 30 years, as pointed out in their IEA YouTube video.


So what implications does this have for our modern way of life?

The Future of cooling - IEA AC prediction tempered by the rise in Solar PV Power

On way to look at this is in terms of the demand for energy these power hungry devices will bring.

This is not new really as Dr. Michael Taylor, Climatologist and Head of the Department of Physics, Pure and Applied Sciences, University of the West Indies has been pointing this out for some time as noted in my blog article entitled “Dr. Taylor's states Global Warming increasing Jamaica's Energy Bill - Vybz Kartel's Summertime Soylent Green”.

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The current stock of air conditioners and electric fans use 10% of all global electricity consumption today. As more Jamaicans and other people living in countries lost to the Equator and in the Temperate zones “step up inna life”, they'll begin to spend more on air conditioners and fans.

AC use is expected to be the second-largest source of global electricity demand growth. It'll trail the industry sector, and the strongest driver for buildings by 2050.

Interestingly, by 2050, the IEA also predict that Solar PV (Photovoltaics) may beat out coal in terms of providing electricity to supply all this rising demand for energy as explained in my blog article entitled “IEA says Solar PV is fastest growing Energy source while Jamaica is adopting LNG”.  

In fact, they predict that global renewable electricity capacity to rise by more than 920 gigawatts, or 44%, by 2022. So with enough power to supply all global demand coming from Renewable resources, why the need for conservation?

Global Warming and AC - Photovotaics cannot handle increase in AC Power Demand

Supplying power to these ACs comes with large costs and environmental implications. The report identifies key policy actions.

In an Efficient Cooling Scenario, which is compatible with the goals of the Paris Agreement, the IEA finds that through stringent minimum energy performance standards and other measures such as labelling, the average energy efficiency of the stock of ACs worldwide could more than double between now and 2050.
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This would greatly reduce the need to build new electricity infrastructure to meet rising demand.

Making cooling more efficient would have multiple benefits such as:

1.      Making energy more affordable
2.      Making Energy more secure
3.      Making Energy more sustainable
4.      Saving US$2.9 trillion in investment, fuel and operating costs

The stats are also against increasing energy capacity just to meeting cooling:

1.      90% of households have air conditioning in the United States and Japan
2.      8% of the 2.8 billion people living in the hottest parts of the world have air conditioning

That is less than 30% of hired of global households owning an air conditioner. Such a sharp increase among households in AC usage could see electricity loads on power grids spike as much as 45% in 2050.

Surprisingly, the rise in Solar PV cannot meet that demand, as electricity well also be needed to power everything else from the Internet to Electric Vehicles, which Developing World households are sure to want as predicted in my blog article entitled “Why JUTC going Hybrid indicates removal of 60% import duty on Electric Vehicles”. 

 ACs sold in Japan and the European Union are typically 25% more efficient than those sold in the United States and China. Efficiency improvements could reduce this future energy monster.

Mandatory energy performance standards will have to be used to force manufacturers to make more energy efficient AC, such as the Samsung Wind-Free Air Conditioners as explained in my Geezam blog article entitled Samsung Wind-Free Air Conditioners is Cooling without the Breeze”. 

Samsung’s AC's use R32, an environmentally-friendly refrigerant alternative, to keep in line with the strengthened environmental regulations in Europe! When compared with the standard R410A refrigerant, R32 has only one-third of its global warming potential (GWP) and is characterized by its high-efficiency even in lower quantities.

So what if all AC’s became energy Efficient? Would that stem the rising demand in AC?

Mandatory Energy Efficient AC Standards - The Quest for Solar Powered Air Conditioners

Short answer is no, as the IEA is wrong. The demand for electricity is going to grow faster than expected, as Fans may be the go-to device for cooling rather than AC.

Instead I predict the rise in AC usage will be in motor vehicles. Motor vehicle AC, which are not included in this report, will have an impact on motor vehicle fuel economy. This translates to increased demand in electricity, as electric generation will have to increase when Electric Vehicle becomes more mainstream.

One simple way to make Air conditioners more efficient, be they for households or for motor vehicles, is to simply not connect them to the grid.

A law needs to be passed in third world countries such as Jamaica so that once any AC is being sold, it must be sold with its own Solar or Wind Based power source or even some type of Hydrogen fuel cell such as the one described in my blog article entitled “Intelligent Energy Hydrogen Fuel Cell for Apple - How Hydrogen can give Apple products weeks of battery life by 2017

This so that the device doesn't have to be tied to grid power – and yes, it is possible to power AC's using Solar Power as this video indicates.

       

Director of the IEA., Dr Fatih Birol, points out that by making AC more efficient, we reduce the need for new sources of power to fuel our cooling passion, quote: “Setting higher efficiency standards for cooling is one of the easiest steps governments can take to reduce the need for new power plants, and allow them at the same time to cut emissions and reduce costs”.

This will leave more of that new Renewable Energy capacity to fuel Electric Vehicles and do other things besides keeping our houses and cars cool.

SRC 5th Biennial Conference & Exposition allows Young Jamaican Scientists to Shine


Do you have a Jamaican research paper that you want to have published? Always wanted to present your work in a public space and not have it restricted to a Scientific Journal that few read?

Then the SRC (Scientific Research Council) 5th Biennial Conference & Exposition may be the forum you've been seeking.



The two (2) day Expo and conference is slated to take place on November 19th to 20th at the Jamaica Pegasus Hotel, New Kingston. The Theme for this year's expo is ST&I in Business:Facilitating Trade & Global Competitiveness.

Take a look at the conference from 2014 to get an idea of what to expect!!


Also, here is a quick corporate profile of the SRC.


Ok, so I am interested. What are the topics that I present papers on?

SRC 5th Biennial Conference & Exposition – A Platform for Young Jamaican Scientists to Shine

Submissions for papers are being invited for the following Topics:

1.      Cyber Security & Data Management
2.      Global Security & Market access
3.      Global Challenges in Science
4.      Innovation Management Systems
5.      Socio-Economic Impact of Science
6.      Adaptive Strategies in Climate Change
7.      Innovation in Science Education
8.      Emerging Technologies in Neutraceuticals and Cosmeceuticals
9.      ST&T Supporting Business and Entrepreneurship

To be considered for the Conference, you need to submit a 300 word abstract to conference@src-jamaica.org by June 29th 2018.

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Sharing is caring so share this information with your friends, as the SRC 5th Biennial Conference & Exposition is a platform for the Young Jamaican Scientist to Shine!

Here's the link:

SRC (Scientific Research Council) 5th Biennial Conference & Exposition
Email: conference@src-jamaica.org, yolandab@src-jamaica.org
Tel: 1-876-927-1771 ext 2314




How PCJ's Solar Lamp Project eliminates Kerosene lamps and heralds inner-city Solar Power


“This is only one solution of many and at the end when we review this pilot project we will be in a position to see if it’s worth taking it islandwide.

Prime Minister of Jamaica, Andrew Holness at the launch of PCJ's Solar Lamp project

The Home Sweet home lamp may soon be on exhibit in a museum for your future children to be reminded of the good...and bad days.

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This as the PCJ (Petroleum Corporation of Jamaica) has launched a pilot project to provide 5,000 Solar Lamps to residents in inner-city communities across St Andrew as noted in the article “Gov't Launches Solar Lamp Pilot Project”, published Monday April 30, 2018 by Paul Clarke, The Jamaica Gleaner.

The aim of the project is to reduce house fires caused by people living in the inner city using candles and lamps. Often when these are lit, they are left with children unattended. The children play and turn over these candles and kerosene lamps, setting their bed linen, curtains and then the whole house on fire.

The blaze quickly razes many of their dwelling, which may be nothing more than a wooden shack with a zinc roof.  This is something that the Prime Minister of Jamaica, Andrew Holness deals with in his constituency, quote: “Almost every year, as a representative, I have had to deal with burnouts; someone’s home will be destroyed by fire. It’s not arson; it’s that we have an aging housing stock that is made primarily of wood. Some people also make their houses out of cardboards and baggas”.

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The Solar Lamp Project, which is expected to address and prevent this problem, is been overseen by the PCJ, as pointed out by the Prime Minister of Jamaica, Andrew Holness: “With simple and inexpensive actions, the Government can make a difference in the lives of energy-poor households, and particularly and significantly reduce or virtually eliminate the risk of these tragic fires”.

This Solar Lamp project is a realization of a dream by Prime Minister Andrew Holness, who had requested in January that PCJ fast-track the program as noted in the article “Holness Wants To Fast-Track Programme To End Kerosene Lamp, Candle Use In Homes”, published Saturday January 27, 2018, The Jamaica Gleaner.

So how well do these Solar Lamps work?

PCJ's Solar Lamp Project – Solar will save inner-city kids home alone

According to the PCJ Chairman, Russell Hadeed, this fits their long term plan to:

1.      Promote energy efficiency
2.      Fix the problem of house fires

The Solar Lamps have a lifespan of 2 years and require eight (8) hours in the sun to be fully charged. After that, they can provide up to 20 hours of light on the low beam feature and roughly six hours when used on the high beam feature.

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This is more than enough to last the night and is actually a lot better than my lap, as shown below, which requires 2 hours to fully charge but lasts only 6 hours on the low beam feature and to 8 hours on high beam setting.

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Determining who really needs these Solar Lamps may be a problem as pointed out in the article “PM Says 5,000 Solar Lamps Will Be Distributed to Energy-Poor Households”, published March 22, 2018 by Alecia Smith, The Jamaica Information Service.

Still, parents cannot get away from their responsibility, as this really eliminates the risk factor associated with open flames and lamps, to quote the Prime Minister of Jamaica, Andrew Holness: “While this programme will remove one of the risk factors in such fires, ultimately, however, parents and guardians are responsible for the safety, care and protection of their children. We must educate, support and empower our parents, so that those who want to do better will, while ensuring that the organs of State are in a position to protect children from those parents who refuse”.

Eliminating the open flame will save inner-city kids home alone. Hopefully, too, this may expand to solar power being used to power entire homes, lighting and all.


Sunday, May 13, 2018

How Mozilla Firefox Quantum support for WebAuthn and USB-based security keys kills passwords


“WebAuthn is a set of anti-phishing rules that uses a sophisticated level of authenticators and cryptography to protect user accounts. It supports various authenticators, such as physical security keys today, and in the future mobile phones, or biometric mechanisms such as face recognition or fingerprints.”

Mozilla explains Firefox “Quantum,” version 60.0 support for Web Authentication standard and USB-based security keys

Finally, a browser is jump-starting the password-free logins concept on the Internet!!

Firefox “Quantum,” version 60.0 is rolling out support for Web Authentication standard and USB-based security keys as reported in “Firefox 60 is the first browser to support password-free internet logins”, published May 11 2018 by Kevin Parrish, Digitaltrends.

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USB-based security keys such as Yubico’s YubiKey ar a part of that mix. Yubico offers standard YubiKeys USB-A and USB-C models that remain plugged into your PC (full-size or nano). Their “Neo” models are key-chain danglers that use USB-A and NFC connectivity for PCs and Android phones. Their “FIPS” models are for government and regulated industries, so options abound for every type of customer.

Now with Firefox support, a web-based account using a one-time registration token enables your YubiKey USB Key, eliminating the need to enter a password as long as it's plugged in.  With support for face recognition and fingerprint scanning in the pipeline, you may only need to have clean digits or look you best to access you computer!!!

Yubico are physical USB keys that replace typing in passwords. So how does Web Authentication work, exactly?

WebAuthn - E2EE encryption between a Browser to a Server

The alternative, WebAuthn (Web Authentication), is equally interesting.

WebAuthn uses encrypted public and private keys; there are no passwords stored in a website’s database. Even more interesting there are no passwords for hackers to scoop on a compromised website. This is because no data is transmitted from your PC to the website.

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WebAuthn stores your login and password credential in an encrypted form and await instructions from the user, also encrypted, to access a password protected website. This way no password data is being passed from data passed from your PC to the website; only instructions to the server to authenticate you on the website you are logging into using encrypted public and private keys.

Effectively, this is E2EE encryption between a Browser to a Server and then to the website you are logging into.

WebAuthn goal is to authenticate account owners using biometrics i.e. face or fingerprint. This is harder to hack than letters, numbers and characters hackers could eventually discover. This may mean you will have to soon invest in a fingerprint scanner and a web camera. But if web security is important to you, then this should not be a problem.

So when do you start using this? And what about Google Chrome and Microsoft Edge Browsers?

Google Chrome and Microsoft Edge Browsers - Break from centuries old passwords

WebAuthn is in its early rollout stages and currently only supports desktop web browsers.

Eventually WebAuthn will support smartphones, giving a boost and possibly replacing Two-step authentication long used by developers and companies. Chrome 67 will reportedly offer support later this month, followed by Microsoft Edge, so if you’re a fan of those browsers, you don't have long to wait!!!
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The latest Firefox release provides other noteworthy features as well:

1.      A wider layout on new tabs
2.      A larger Top Sites menu sporting eight icons
3.      Larger Highlights icons.
4.      The Pocket’s recommendation section now displays an occasional sponsored story as well

Mozilla claims their Pocket product isn't selling associated sponsors your browsing history and making recommendations based on that data as Facebook was doing as noted in my blog article entitled “How the Facebook Data Scandal involving Cambridge Analytica is a Storm in a Teacup”.

Enterprise customer planning on deploying Mozilla 60 can now enjoy:

1.      IT to customize the browser for the office
2.      Rapid Release build that auto-updates roughly every six weeks
3.      Extended Support Release that updates once per year

Customization can be performed using the Group Policy tool on Windows, or through a JSON file supporting Mac, Linux, and Windows.

Still, the Web Authentication standard and USB-based security keys is a Quantum leap forward and represent the future where E2EE and authentication using biometrics replaces centuries old passwords!!!

Saturday, May 5, 2018

How to use a Print cartridge chip resetter to reset Canon Pixma MG2522 Printer Black and Colour Cartridges


People on the internet, I am at my wits end as relates to refilling the printed ink on my Canon MG2522 Printer.
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The procedure I've laid out in my blog article entitled “How to refill Canon Pixma MG2522 Printer Black and Colour Cartridges”. 

The problem is that you have to reset the Canon Pixma MG 2522 Printer Cartridge Ink Level Monitoring in order for the printed to start using the refilled cartridge as detailed in my blog article entitled “How to reset Canon Pixma MG 2522 Printer Cartridge Ink Level Monitoring”.  .

Unfortunately, the procedure I listed in the blog article isn't working 100%.

So I've begun looking for an alternative way to reset the Ink Level Monitoring in these refilled cartridges......and I think I may have found just the thing!!

How to reset a printer cartridge using a Print cartridge chip resetter

Canon inkjet printers use ink cartridges that are equipped with an Ink Level Monitoring. This is a microprocessor that reports when a cartridge is low or out of ink.

The actual process of resetting a printer ink cartridge cannot be done via the printer, as I’ve discovered from doing some detailed research into Canon Ink Cartridge Resetting. Rather, you have to reset the printer cartridge using a Print cartridge chip resetter designed for your specific cartridge model.

Print cartridge chip resetters may be purchased as a standalone product or may be included with refill kits. A simple search on eBay for “Print cartridge chip resetter Canon pixma mg2522”, yielded the following results.

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I'm of course planning on buying the cheapest device, the PGI-225CLI-226 Chip resetter reset for Canon Pixma MG5120 MG5220 MG8120 MG6120 for US$17.99.

Hopefully when the device arrives, it'll help me reset my refilled printer cartridge for my Canon Pixma MG2522 Printer and allow me to continue printing.

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You can modify the search term to search for Print cartridge chip resetters for other models of printers, as these chip resetters are specific to each model and type of cartridge.

Sharing is caring so share this bit of info with someone who is in a jam and need their printer printing again!!!


How Alliance Prepaid MasterCard makes Electronic Transactions for Children and Moneygram e-commerce possible


“It is about safety. Sometimes people come out of an agent location with a bundle of cash and we don’t want that”

President of Alliance Group of Companies, Peter Chin, at the launch of the card at the Marriott Courtyard Hotel in Kingston on Thursday May 4 2018

Jamaica, get ready for an alternative to Debit Cards that your children can use!

It's called an Alliance Prepaid MasterCard, which is basically a Prepaid Card and it’s being launched by Alliance Payment Services Limited as reported in the article “Alliance Launches First Non-Bank Card”, published Thursday May 3, 2018 by Steven Jackson, The Jamaica Gleaner.
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The launch event took place at the Marriott Courtyard Hotel in Kingston on Thursday May 5th 2018. MasterCard was represented at the event by Uhreil Bedoya, the country manager for Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Bermuda and Haiti.

With this launch, Alliance Payment Services Limited becomes the first non-bank operation in Jamaican to launch a prepaid card. Good to note that Alliance Payment is an associated company of Alliance Financial Services Limited.

They are an agent of MoneyGram with some over 50 sub-agents nationwide, making this a product aimed squarely at the unbanked in Jamaica who receive their money via remittances.

This may also be their response to GraceKennedy and Western Union's plans to launch their online website and app. This App, possibly using tech tools from cryptocurrency Ripple, will allow customer to both send and receive remittances directly to their Bank accounts as noted in my Geezam blog article entitled “How Western Union and GraceKennedy may use Ripple in GK MPay App”.  

So when will the product officially go live? Will this product enable e-commerce?

Alliance Prepaid MasterCard - Electronic Transactions for Children and potential e-commerce Payment platform

A Prepaid Card is basically similar to ScotiaBank's VISA Debit card, which can be used to purchase items online as noted in my Geezam blog article entitled “How to use Scotia VISA Debit Card Online”.

Alliance Prepaid MasterCard, which was two (2) years in the making, will be officially available on Friday, May 11th 2018 at Alliance’s head office in New Kingston or its agents islandwide. They’ve long had Prepaid Cards in the form of Alliance Payment Services Limited’s ePay Card.

I’d long predicted that ePay would beat out Mobile money as Jamaicans are already used to Debit Cards and inter-ePay transfers would make it popular as noted in my blog article entitled “Alliance Financial Services Limited's ePay will beat Scotiabank and NCB's in Mobile Money Revolution”.

 MICO University is currently one of their biggest clients and are using their ePay platform to go cashless on campus as reported in my blog article entitled “How MICO University College use of ePay is Mobile Money for Miconians as Cross Roads goes Cashless”.

Not only will customer be able to receive their remittance via the card and withdraw via ATM, but relatives abroad will also be able to send money to the card via an Android App.

Because it can be topped up, this could be a convenient option for parents wanting to give their under-aged children a limited amount of money to spend locally as well as online!!! Getting the card is free, but there are usage fees that may be a bit daunting:

1.      JA$40 per withdrawal
2.      JA$10 at point of sale outlets

Still, Prepaid Cards will now be a part of the mix of options to get more of Jamaica's unbanked to use more Electronic Transactions. This mix already includes GraceKennedy GK MPay and Quisk, now that JCCUL 's Quisk is not out of the picture as noted in my Geezam blog article entitled “JCCUL Shutters CONEC Mobile Wallet, leaving Quisk and MPay in the Race”.

Eventually more services will be coming to make Electronic Transactions available to all, as pointed out by Minister of Finance, Dr Nigel Clarke, quote: “Of great significance is the fact that the guidelines provide collaboration with existing service providers to bring innovative payment solutions to the market......The service providers are directly relevant to the daily business of Jamaicans. Depending on the providers the services include bill payment, person to person benefits, e-cards, point of sale machines, accounting enquiries, remittance disbursement and others”.

The benefits to the Government is that it reduces the cost of doing business and making taxation universal as predicted in my blog article entitled “How Electronic Transactions in Jamaica can eliminate Hidden Economy via Universal Consumption Taxation”.
 
I am very interested to see if this Alliance Prepaid MasterCard can be integrated into websites and used for e-commerce i.e. buying and selling items online. If so, remittances may not be the only use that this card has and it popular will skyrocket, as it would provide a practical way for Web entrepreneurs to set up e-commerce websites.